The terminology regarding biodynamic agriculture is unknown by the public who are not specialised in this area. The basis of the movement began with the spiritual science of the philosopher Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925). The same man who implemented the model of the prestigious Waldorf schools also implemented the basis for establishing a relationship between man and the earth.
At the beginning of the 20th Century, groups of farmers had appeared in different areas of Europe who were disquieted by the degeneration of the earth’s fertility and the nutritional quality of the food cultivated there. Based on these concerns, Steiner organized workshops in Koberwitz (Czech Republic) where the route began towards a new relationship between man and the earth, treating all living things with respect and relating all the spiritual and vital aspects of each plant to the earth from which it grew.
For Steiner, the earth was a living organism which should be maintained in a vital and fertile state as naturally as possible.
Loxarel it's part of TerraDinàmica, the only association of biodynamic farming Catalonia legalized since 2008 that promotes, develops and promotes the use of this technique for growing produce.
Biodynamic agriculture incorporated different rotations of crops carefully thought out and suited to the climate, the mechanical control of weeds, the control of disease through minerals and other plants and the use of manure as a natural fertiliser.
The biodynamic calendar is based fundamentally on the position of the moon which determines whether the day is a fruit, flower or leaf day.
A fruit day is when the moon is in the fire constellation (Aries, Leo or Sagittarius). In this moment, plant activity is centred on the elaboration of the fruit. The wine strengthens the fruit and derived aromas through the careful elaboration designed to obtain a perfect adaptation of the variety with the territory.
A root day is when the moon is in the earth constellation (Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn). The plant prioritise the roots and the wines are noted for the shades of tannin and the particular character of each variety adapted to the specific type of soil (the mineral quality).
A flower day is when the moon is in the air constellation (Gemini, Libra or Aquarius). The flowers take priority and the wine strengthens the floral notes, which are intensely expressed.
A leaf day is when the moon is in the water constellation (Cancer, Scorpio or Pisces). The plant gives priority to the leaf activity. The wine takes on vegetation and herb aromas, important for white wines, but not notable in red wines.